I’m Riley Schofield I work for the KW Cattle Company which is a Registered Angus operation out of Ft. Scott, Kansas. I think probably one of the biggest mistakes people make that are new to horses and not necessarily everybody makes this mistake, but its not a dog. You don’t really want to get it as a puppy or a colt. You don’t want the child to grow up with the horse. Its not a cheap process with these colts. You know we’ve had so many colts, everybody always tells us its like job security for a vet. Up until they’re two, its not necessarily that they’re really going to try and kill themselves, but they’re into everything. Like this horse right here, laid underneath the barn, sliced up his legs. You know that’s expensive, there’s a healing process, they can really do permanent damage to themselves. So probably one of my biggest pieces of advice I’d give is parents looking for horses for their kids, not necessarily keep the kid in lessons, but I would have a trainer or someone there to help you if you are new to horses that way both your child and the horse are in a good place with somebody who is pretty capable helping them along. A lot of it, when I was growing up, for me a lot of it was more trial and error. I don’t recommend that, I got hurt a lot. I was very fortunate though I did find a pretty good trainer and he really helped me and progressed my riding. And I think the key to it is you have to progress to your horse’s level. Generally a lot of these kids have horses that are really really broke; they’re really light and soft and you can do almost everything on them. It’s just getting those kids to use that horse to it’s full potential. It’s key to have somebody there to help you and guide you with that. I would say not necessarily old is better, but I would say generally for the most part, I have seen five and six year olds that are really kid broke but I would also say there’s a lot of ten and twelve year olds that are good. So not necessarily old is better, but I for sure wouldn’t go young. Two and three year olds, I have seen some that are just really, really well minded and can handle a kid, but that is your decision as a parent to make. I would just recommend surrounding yourself with people that are there to help you and trainers. And whether you board your horse or whatever, there’s somebody there that can help you through the process and get your child to that point that the horse is capable of. That way he or she can really enjoy it for the full potential that it is and when it gets to that point, when you’ve almost capped out on that horse, you can then look at getting something that needs maybe a little bit more training or a little bit faster, a little bit farther along than the other horse.
(Romulo) Good morning my name is Romulo Lollato. I am the Wheat and Forages Extension Specialist with Kansas State University. And today we’re here in the North Farm and we’re going to discuss with you a little bit of the current conditions of the wheat crop, some of the challenges that the producers have faced this growing season, especially following a late summer crop, as this last summer’s crop growing season with all the rainfall that we had in the beginning of the summer. Other conditions that may have delayed wheat planting in many parts of Kansas is the dry conditions that we observed during most of the month of October. So producers were either considering adjusting within or…and waiting for it to rain. Or the other way around just waiting for it to rain before they would ensure that the wheat crop would have at least some moisture to come up. And that really delayed some of the Kansas wheat planting together with a late summer season, summer crop harvest. So, let’s discuss some of these challenges and what we are seeing across the state, not only here in Manhattan but really on the wheat producing region of the state. So the summer season that we had was a pretty late summer. We had some delayed harvests as we can see here just on the field beside us, we are actually harvesting soybeans. So we have had a pretty late harvest this year. And with this delayed harvest the wheat planting may get delayed in a few fields. What are the consequences of delaying wheat planting and what are we seeing around the state? So, the first consequence is that the wheat plant will not have as much time to develop during the fall as it would had it been planted early in the appropriate planting date. That will result in less fall formed tillers which can decrease our wheat potential productivity, our potential yield. Fall formed tillers, they are generally more productive than spring formed tillers. So, here in the North Farm where we have a few different studies, what you can see on my right hand side is a study that was planted late October, and so it has much less development than the study that we have here on my left hand side that was planted early October, in the very first week of October. So, how do we scout for tiller information in an early planted field or a late planted field like this. As we scout our fields, first you need to dig your wheat plants out of the ground and look for the tillers. The tillers have a specific structure that are called profile and it’s very easy to identify the tillers when it is a tiller or a leaf based on the existence of that structure which is a sheath called profile, so as you can see here. Now on late planted wheat as the one that you have here planted late, on October here on the North Farm. In fact these plants have not started to tiller yet. So you can see that they have only the main stem, only the main shoot and not really started to tiller yet. What are the consequences of less tillering during the Fall? Consequences are not only the reduced yield potential, but also increase winter kill potential. So, winter damage potential, right? So, the wheat plants need at least one to two tiller and four to five developed leaves as it goes into the winter to have the greatest winter hardiness. So, we really need these couple tillers, four to five leaves to make sure that we have the greatest potential to survive the winter. When we are planting late and the wheat doesn’t have time to develop these one or two tillers and four or five leaves, we’re straight forward increasing our risk of winter kill. So, our crop here, planted in the fall in soybeans, which were planted late, third week of October, they really have a greater risk of winter kill than the crop planted earlier here planted following corn here on the North Farm. So, if you’re interested in hearing more information about wheat and following what all is going on throughout the state and also in research that we’re currently conducting, you can follow me on www.ksu.wheat on Twitter. And also always be aware that we have the weekly updates that we send through the Department of Agronomy at Kansas State University. And that’s really a great source of information of best management practices or maybe management adjustments based on what we’re seeing in the current growing season.