Choosing a Wheat Variety for your Operation

Romulo) Hi, this is Romulo Lollato, Extension Wheat Specialist with Kansas State University, and today we’re here in South Central Experiment Field near Hutchison, and we’re going to talk to you a little bit about how to choose a wheat variety, and what tools do you have here in the state of Kansas that can help you choose the right variety for your operation. So a few things to keep in mind when you’re choosing your variety is, one, variety is one of your yield building factors, different varieties have different yield potentials, so by choosing the right variety you’re straightforward increasing your potential yield that you can get out of a farm. Additionally whenever you’re choosing wheat varieties, it’s important to spread your risk, working with variety maturity. So select the varieties that are early maturing, medium maturing, and late maturing varieties as well. That way if you have an early freeze that might get some of those early maturing varieties; you still have medium and late maturing varieties that are there planted in your farm. On the other hand, if you have a very hot and dry end of the growing season that may ding the yield on those late maturing varieties, you may still be on the safe side with your early maturing varieties. And another factor’s that you will need to consider when you’re choosing your wheat varieties is whether you’re willing to spray a foliar fungicide. If you are, you can just focus on your yield potential and make sure that you come back with that foliar fungicide application. If you’re not, then you have the option to choose varieties that are resistant to many of those foliar fungicide diseases or viral diseases as well that may decrease your wheat yield. So, that’s another factor. If you’re grazing your wheat, break over from grazing is a very important thing to be thinking of when you’re choosing your wheat variety. Maybe that good grain only variety is not going to have a great break over from grazing. So you need to consider that when you’re choosing your variety as well. As far as the tools for you to choose wheat varieties, remember that here in the State of Kansas we have over 70 wheat demonstration plots in the state, and each one of these have at least one plot tour in your county or in your district, so be aware of those dates when those plot tours are going to happen. We’re here and we’re going to discuss each one of these varieties, what are their strengths, what are their weaknesses, to which system they’re more adapted. So make sure to attend these wheat plot tours that start here in May, actually this year they started in early May, and they’re going to go all the way to mid-June. So make sure to attend the one nearest to you. For more information on when and where those plot tours are taking place, make sure that you follow me on Twitter, I’m always putting out that information, my handle is @KSUWheat. I’m also putting that information on Facebook, so Like my page K-State Wheat, and also we send those weekly reports of which plot tours are happening on that week in our agronomy eUpdates every Friday, so if you’re not on that mail list, make sure that you put your email on our agronomy department mail list so you’re going to know where and when those wheat plot tours are happening.

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