Soybean Update

(Ignacio) So what happened in soybeans across the state of Kansas, soybeans are reaching the end of the season. We are reaching grain filling. So, what is the term grain filling? Grain filling means at this time, most of the pods, most of the soybeans around the state have already set the pods. So, we already have the pods in the plant and if we are taking a look to the pod numbers, we already probably have a very good estimation of what will be our final numbers before harvest. So, what is the main factor that will be affected for now until harvest is the seed weight. And this is one of the critical components. When you are looking at seed weight on soybeans, it’s quite different than when we are comparing to corn. Seed weights on soybeans can add 10 to 20 bushels in some situations. So when you are looking at the final yield for soybeans, seed weight is a critical factor. And at this point as I mentioned before, we already set pods across the state. Most of the soybeans are getting to the grain filling. And the question that we have from farmers is at this point-if I have any heat or drought is that impacting yields? And the answer is yes. And for soybean this is a critical moment also. Those soybeans are still taking up one to two inches of water per week. OK? So, lack of rain in the last weeks and then the weather conditions that are above 95 degrees in some days, those are complicating soybeans. And the point is that they probably are shortening the season. So what is the idea of shortening the season means that we have less days for those plants to put more carbon into the grains and to increase yields. So, if that situation happened what we would see is that the yield would be impacted. Some of the things that you will be seeing in your farms is that if you are working the fields you will see in some of the pods that they may probably have two grains right on three, or they may have the third on the tip but it’s probably missing or it’s probably very small. It’s a very common symptom of drought and heat combination situations. So, that’s something that we need to be scouting for. Another thing is that at this point, as you are seeing on this crop, we are at the moment that we are losing the leaf. So the real situation in the crop at the moment is basically we are losing the leaf and the leaf is the main organ that is providing all the sugars to fulfill the grain feeding. So this is a moment, as I mentioned before, any stress impact in the crop can reduce yields by approximately 22 to 25 percent. And one of the things that we are seeing is in some environments when we are already reaching harvest we are seeing issues of the green stems. And that’s something that we already talked about this last year in the previous growing season. The question that the farmers have is why am I seeing that kind of green stem on soybeans? The answer for that is that there is an imbalance situation. So we are seeing that the soybean plant is reaching to the end of the season but the weather conditions are still favorable. And we are seeing that the sugar accumulation in the stem is still promoting that the stem is remaining green. One of the main key advice for soybean farmers before getting to harvest, take a look to your field, make sure that we don’t have any disease, any insects affecting the field, take a look to the stems, if the stems are green, make sure that you are…the main prevention for green stems is to make sure we have all our combines and the blades on the combines are very sharp. Because going slow and then just harvest that crop is probably the best solution. We have situations that people are asking about if we need to use any desiccants. The answer for that is most of the time, I would say no. So, make sure that you…at this point we need to be a little bit patient. And go at it slow. Trying to get a crop out of the field is the best solution for all the soybean farmers.

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