Tips for Next Growing Season

(Ignacio) Good morning, my name is Dr. Ignacio Ciampitti. I am a Cropping System Specialist at K-State. Today we are in one of our Soybean Schools. We have four schools around the state. This is one of our schools that is covering the central, east section of the state. We have very different topics but today I want to focus on key tips on planting practices for the next coming growing system. When you are looking at what are the best conditions and the planting practice for the next season, a couple of things that we need to take into account, getting the seed into the right soil moisture and temperature. Those are really, really extremely important. The second one is just to make sure that we check planting depth. Planting too deep or planting too shallow, might be just so, so penalizing and we will not get those plants coming at the same time. The third point is checking on the seed rates, taking a look to see what seeding rates we use from the previous year, what other accommodations based on the yield goals, and based on the information of our local extension office. And another of the key points that we are looking is about making sure that we have very good uniformity and preparation of the soil. Last year, based on the weather we didn’t have good soil conditions at planting, so we are paying really costly ill situations. And the way that we pay was plants that were not standing in the field, lack of uniformity, plants that were coming late and we had crusting. So really be very careful about this and if you need to wait, even for a week just to make planting too much for the situations is probably one of the sound advice. And make sure that we get those seeds into the right soil conditions. When you’re looking at all the factors that you should be considering for soybeans, inoculation is a key factor. Sometimes we are not seeing responses to inoculation, but when we are looking about the cost of the inoculants the situation that we are facing, if we are not really getting a good inoculation practice, we know that this is kind of paying for insurance on our crops. So, proper inoculation is key for soybeans. And then some questions about row spacing we have in the past, people using 10 inches, 15 or 30 inches, I would say, what it was like to try different things. We have a big project that we conducted last year with different farmers and we try 15 versus 30 inch. We are seeing very good responses. A three, four, five bushel response on 15 inches, on narrow rows, only in situations that we have good weather conditions. One of the things that the narrow rows really helped us last year was on weed control. So, if you are thinking about how to cover your canopy and how to control weeds going into narrow rows, in some situations can pose a very good benefit for minimizing input costs. So, for next growing season, just in summary, think about going back to basics, taking care of basic steps, and tips such as soil temperature, right moisture, seed selection, narrow rows, inoculation. And then think about not only just getting to this maximum yields for your area, but think about how much and what it will cost you to get to those yields. Think about efficiency and then think about using all the inputs that are there, the basic inputs that we need for soybean production. In that way, I think that we will be able to still…rows in this situation are not really good economic situations, but it still will give benefits on maximizing profits, but minimizing the input costs.

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