(Conrad) Good morning and welcome to Farm Factor on AGam in Kansas. I’m your host Conrad Kabus. Veterinarians treat disease, disorder and injury in animals and this includes diagnosis, treatment and aftercare. The scope of practice can relate to specialty and experiences for most vets. On today’s program we discuss large animal care, important matters for future practitioners. Brian Spitzer is an experienced veterinarian and he provided students with knowledge about the transition from vet school to practice Take a look. (Brian) I kind of have ten things outlined to help them better integrate from veterinary medicine in the vet school into the private practice, just tips to how to get along, how to not make mistakes, just be more productive. (Conrad) Veterinarians must rely primarily on clinical signs as animals are unable to vocalize symptoms as humans would. This makes work as a vet difficult, as found out by Brian in many years of his service in the field. Most of the topics brought up at the conference were from Brian’s personal experiences as a practitioner. (Brian) These ideas are kind of personal experiences of myself and my journey from vet school to private practice. And also I’ve had several associates and some of the problems we’ve seen, or challenges we’ve seen with them. (Conrad) The majority of veterinarians are employed in private practice treating animals. About 75 percent of them in the United States according to the American Veterinary Medical Association. Those who are large animal veterinarians often spend time traveling to see their patients at primary facilities that house them, such as zoos or farms. Other employers include charity treating animals, college of veterinary medicine, research laboratories, animal food companies, and pharmaceutical companies. In many countries, the government may also be an employer of a large amount of veterinarians, such as in the United States Department of Agriculture or the State Veterinary Service in the United Kingdom. (Brian) For one thing, new graduates need to be confident in their abilities, know what they know and be able to tell somebody they don’t know something but they’ll figure it out. Don’t be afraid of not having the answer at the time. But know that they have the tools to find those answers, they know people they can call, they have colleagues they can consult with. But just knowing that they can get through it, they’ve got the tools they need, they just need to utilize what they’ve got.